We have no means of supplying them with the Gospel,. There are peculiar and great difficulties to be overcome,.
Excuses sometimes urged by owners ,. Excuses sometimes urged by Ministers ,. I have no turn for preaching to them,. I am willing to do so, if I could,. If we suffer our Negroes to be instructed the tendency will be to change the civil relations of society as now constituted,. The way will be opened for men from abroad to enter in and inculcate doctrines subversive of our interests and safety,.
Meet the Pastor - Rev. Dr. C. Anthony Hunt
The religious instruction of the Negroes will lead to neglect of duty and insubordination,. The Negroes will embrace seasons of religious worship for originating and executing plans of insubordination and villany,. Religious instruction will do no good; it will only make the Negroes worse men and worse hypocrites,.
Benefits which would flow from the faithful Religious Instruction of the Negroes,. There would be a. The pecuniary interests of Masters would be increased,. Religious instruction would contribute to safety,.
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Would promote our own morality and religion,. Much unpleasant discipline would be saved the churches,. The souls of our servants would be saved. Conclusion to Part III,. The Church of Christ must be made familiar with the duty, and moved to its performance,. No necessity for formation of extensive associations and societies for the work,. Churches in their respective organized forms competent to the work,. Duty should be brought before Bishops, Elders, and Deacons, and introduced by them into their respective Churches and Church Judicatories, and manner of doing so,. Essays, reports, sermons, and tracts should be printed and circulated on the subject,.
Ways and Means of imparting Religious Instruction to the Negroes,. The Gospel should be communicated to the entire Negro population; statedly, frequently, intelligibly, and in its fulness ,.
Persons by whom it shall be so communicated. They are settled over entire households--Masters and Servants ,. They should, therefore, devote a portion of each Sabbath to regular preaching to the Negroes. Lecture if possible, and attend plantation meetings during the week,. Should have regular Sabbath Schools for children and adults.
Their benefit,. Stated seasons for meeting with colored members; and with colored children for their catechetical instruction,. Attend Funerals,. Perform Marriage Ceremonies,.
Meet the Pastor - Rev. Dr. C. Anthony Hunt
Attend with their Sessions punctually and dilligently to the discipline of colored members, and appoint committees of Instruction for Inquirers,. Endeavor to awaken Church Members, Masters and Mistresses to the duty of affording suitable Instruction to their Negroes,. Missionaries absolutely needed,. Should be Southern men,. But how shall they be employed and supported? The owner should impress upon his people the great duty of attending public worship on the Sabbath,.
Make all the children and youth attend punctually the Sabbath School,. The plantation should be brought under religious influences and the physical condition of the People improved,. The owner should undertake the instruction of the people himself. Way and manner of his doing so,.
The Manner in which the Gospel should be communicated to the Negroes, so as to meet the character, condition, and circumstances of the People,.
Manner of Preaching [,]. Not ignorant, but educated and intelligent Ministers,. What kind of sermons are most suitable,. Manner of conducting Sabbath Schools.
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Manuals and Plans of instruction,. Manner of conducting Plantation Meetings,. Manner of treating opposition to the work of Religious Instruction of the Negroes,. Manner of speaking and acting in relation to the Civil Condition of the Negroes,. The best form of Church Organization for the Negroes,. Historical Sketch of the Religious Instruction of the Negroes from their first introduction into the Country in to the year It was in the year that Isabella of Spain granted permission for the introduction of Negro slaves into Hispaniola; but such only as had been born in Spain, or in slavery among Christians; and in the following year a few had been sent into the New World.
In the Spaniards opened a direct trade in slaves, and imported Negroes into Hispaniola from the Portuguese settlements on the Coast of Guinea.
8. Medieval Popular Religion, Annotated Bibliography for Teachers |
Ferdinand V. In Charles V. This favorite sold his patent to some Genoese merchants for 25, ducats, and they were the first who brought into regular form that commerce for slaves between Africa and America, which has since been carried on under such revolting circumstances and to such an amazing extent. Forty-five years after, in , the English entered the trade under Sir John Hawkins and carried Negroes from Africa to Hispaniola, and in Queen Elizabeth protected and shared the traffic. Thus the Mother Country was engaged in the traffic forty-five years before the first permanent settlement was made in her American Colonies, which was at Jamestown, Virginia in The Dutch, in common with other maritime nations of Europe, engaged in the trade, and a man-of-war of that nation, from the Coast of Guinea, in August, , four months before the Plymouth Colony arrived in America, landed twenty Negroes for sale, in the Colony Page 3 of Virginia, on James river, which determines the epoch of their introduction into the Colonies.
From this period they were gradually, and at different times, introduced into all the Colonies from Massachusetts to Georgia; and for the most part, contrary to the wishes of the Colonists. The first cargo of Negro slaves was brought into Boston in , and though their introduction was denounced and the Negroes ordered to be "returned at public charge;" yet it was afterwards permitted, and people engaged in the trade. In Maryland acts were passed encouraging the importation of Negroes, in ; and in this same year they were first introduced into South Carolina.
They were legally admitted into Georgia in The precise year of their admission into the remaining eight of the old thirteen Colonies is not accurately known. I have no references at hand by which to determine the number of Negroes in each of the Colonies, nor the aggregate in all, before the Declaration of Independence, as no general census was ever taken of the Colonies while they continued such. But there are statements of the number in most of the Colonies, given in different years, which I shall proceed to mention.
Virginia was settled in , and in contained 2, Negroes; in , , Massachusetts was settled in , and in contained 4, Rhode Island was settled in In had imported but a few Negroes, in contained 1,, and in , 4, Connecticut was settled in In had 30 Negroes, and in , 6, New Hampshire was settled from Massachusetts and became a separate Colony in , and in contained Negroes.
New York was settled by the Dutch in In contained 13, New Jersey was settled In contained 3, Negroes and slaves, and in , 4, Maryland was granted to Lord Baltimore in In contained 42, Negroes, and for a time, 2, were imported annually. Burke says, in the number was upwards of 60, North Carolina was permanently settled in , and became distinct from Virginia in In it had 5, inhabitants, besides Negroes and Indians, and in , 6, South Carolina was granted to Lord Clarendon in In contained 18, Negroes; in , were imported; in contained 28,; in 1, were imported.
In contained 90,; in over 6, were imported. This Colony lost 25, Negroes in the Revolutionary war. Georgia was settled in Slavery was legalized in , and in contained 14, Negroes.